Monthly Archives: July 2021

CBEC-KEMRI Bioethics Training Initiative

In 2016, the Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture (CBEC) in collaboration with the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) were funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)’s Fogarty International Centre to build capacity in bioethics through implementation of a bioethics training initiative funded by the This funding facilitated the development of the CBEC-KEMRI Bioethics Training Initiative (CKBTI).

This collaboration builds on the long-standing relationship between the two institutes, with several individuals from Kenya being trained previously by CBEC through its academic programs including Masters, Postgraduate Diploma and Certificate courses.

The aims of the current collaboration include training of core faculty and development of bioethics curriculum for Kenya allowing the building of a sustainable bioethics program for Kenya and East Africa, based at KEMRI. In addition, CBEC during the collaboration will offer training for Kenyan applicants in the PGD and MBE programs based at Karachi during its regular admission cycles. For rapid capacity building, certificate courses will be held at KEMRI for Kenyan students in the areas of Research ethics, Research Methodology Public Health and Clinical Ethics. In addition to this, a practicum will be offered for both Kenyan and Pakistani applicants, to enable individuals involved in Institutional Review Commitees (IRECS) to enhance their learning of the functioning of IREC secretariat through hands on experience.


Name Institution /Position Brief
Dr. Amar Jesani Centre for Studies in Ethics and Rights. An independent consultant, researcher and teacher of bioethics and public health. He is one of the founding trustees of the Anusandhan Trust, which manages the health research institute CEHAT (Centre for Studies in Ethics and Rights).
Prof. Farhat Moazam CBEC – Head of CBEC The founding Chairperson of Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture (CBEC), Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SUIT), Karachi, Pakistan. Currently she is also a Fellow of the Institute of Practical Ethics and Visiting Professor at the Center for Humanism in Medicine, at the University of Virginia, USA
Dr. Simon Langat NACOSTI –Chief Science Secretary The head of health sciences department at the National commission for Science, Technology and Innovation (NACOSTI), Kenya. NACOSTI hosts the National bioethics council (NBC) which develops guidelines and accredits Institutional Ethics Review Committees. NBC also provides policy and top-level advice on bioethical issues in Kenya.
Prof. Walter Jaoko University of Nairobi, ERC member A professor of Tropical medicine and a former Chairperson of the Department of Medical Microbiology at the University of Nairobi. He has a PGD from ARESA and serves on the University of Nairobi/ Kenyatta National hospital Ethics committee. He has served on the Kenya Pharmacy and Poisons Board Expert Clinical Trials Committee since its inception and is the current Chair of the committee
Prof. Asad Raja Professor and Chairman, Department of surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi. The Quaid-e-Azam Professor & Chairman, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University (AKU) East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya. He has long standing interest, educational background, experience and expertise in the field of bioethics. Dr. Raja has previously been PI for a Fogarty International (NIH) (2002 )Research Ethics Training grant
Prof. Mike Parker Director of Ethox Centre at Oxford A professor of Bioethics and Director of the Ethox Centre at the University of Oxford. His main research interest is in the ethics of collaborative global health research
Prof. Aasim Ahmad Dean and Chief Nephrologist at the Kidney Centre in Karachi Has masters in Bioethics from the Joint Centre of Bioethics, University of Toronto, Canada. He directed the Bioethics training program at Aga Khan University Karachi funded by the NIH.
Prof. Keymanthri Moodley Medical Doctor, Researcher. A professor in the Department of Medicine and Director of the Centre for Medical Ethics & Law (CMEL), Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences – Tygerberg, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. She serves on the National Health Research Ethics Council (NHREC) and the Ethics Advisory Board of the Netcare group of private hospitals
Prof. Eric Meslin Former Co PI for the Indiana/Moi University bioethics training Currently heading the Council of Canadian Academies (CCCA), he was the founding Director of the Indiana University Center for Bioethics which celebrated its 10th anniversary in 2011. He is also Associate Dean for Bioethics in the Indiana University School of Medicine, and is Professor of Medicine; of Medical & Molecular Genetics; of Bioethics and Law; and of Philosophy.
Dr Julius Ecuru Uganda National Council for Science and Technology Dr Ecuru is an Alumni of IRENSA. He is currently the Assistant Executive Secretary at the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology. Mr. Ecuru’s research focuses on bioscience innovation systems, direct payments during HIV research, and the morality of research in developing countries. He has previously worked for BIO-EARN, a program aimed to build capacity in biotechnology in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda and promote appropriate research and related policies. Mr. Ecuru has also been instrumental in building a coherent research management system in Uganda including national frameworks for human and animal experimentation, biosafety and access to genetic resources, and benefit sharing


1. Curriculum Development Workshop:
With the objective to train members in developing curriculum within bioethics suitable to contextual needs, a Curriculum Development Workshop Program was held at Lake Naivasha, on February 10-13, 2020. The total number of participants was 18, thirteen participants from Kenya and five participants from Pakistan including Prof. Aamir Jafarey, Ms. Sualeha Siddiq Shekhani, Dr. Bushra Shirazi, Dr. Shahid Shamim and Prof. Farhat Moazam. The workshop covered pertinent areas in curriculum designing including alignment of learning objectives with teaching methods and assessment strategies.

2. Certificate Courses (CC):

  • Clinical Ethics
    Thirty-four participants participated in the nine-day CC on Clinical Ethics on February 14-22. Teaching faculty from Pakistan included Drs. Farhat Moazam, Bushra Shirazi, Aamir Jafarey, Nida Wahid Bashir and Ms. Sualeha Shekhani. The objective of the Clinical Ethics workshop is to teach course participants about the basic concepts pertinent within the field of medicine, covering issues such as beginning of life, end of life along with training participants about the functioning of Hospital Ethics Committees. The participants from Kenya included people belonging from different fields, including medical doctors, clinical officers, nurses and others from healthcare facilities.
  • Research Methods Certificate Course:
    Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the latter part of the year 2020 saw a shift to the online teaching mode. An online workshop conducted over Zoom was held from May 11 to 15, 2020, attended by thirty-one participants, the course trained individuals in the conduct of research, basic research methodologies in both qualitative and quantitative domains, and review of research proposals.
  • Research and Public Health Ethics Certificate Course:
    As the Covid-19 pandemic continued around the world, all teaching shifted online. The annual Research and Public Health Ethics Certificate course was conducted via Zoom from October 12 to 16, 2020. Attended by thirty-nine participants from different fields including those involved in public health and research, the course covered core areas and concepts in research ethics. Course faculty from Pakistan included Drs. Aamir Jafarey, Aasim Ahmad and Ms. Sualeha Shekhani. Indian counterparts included Drs. Amar Jesani and Vijayprasad Gopichandran.

3. Advisory Board Meetings:
Two advisory board meetings, with the purpose of providing updates regarding CK-BTI activities and also to discuss future plans were held in 2020. One on February 15, which included nine participants and the second one, was conducted online on September 1 due to the Covid-19 pandemic, involving eleven participants. Drs. Farhat Moazam and Aamir Jafarey attended both meetings from Pakistan.

4. MCQ Development Workshops:
Five online (Zoom) faculty MCQ development workshops took place in the year 2020 which were attended by 33 participants from Kenya and Pakistan. The three faculty members from Pakistan were Dr. Bushra Shirazi, Ms. Sualeha Shekhani, and Prof. Aamir Jafarey. The objective of these workshops was for the faculty members to be trained on how to develop MCQs and objectives of the RM training by a member of the CK-BTI Curriculum Development Committee.

5. Curriculum Development Committee:
Three online (Zoom) Curriculum Development committee meetings were held in the year 2020. Two at the Mount Kenya University on July 8, Sept 17- 25, and was attended by sixteen participants. The second was held at Amref International University, Kenya on August 25, and was attended by eight participants. The purpose of these meetings was for CK-BTI curriculum development committee to introduce and explain to the Mount Kenya and Amref University Team the proposed PGD/MBE Curriculum.

6. Fundamentals of Bioethics Certificate Course:
An online (Zoom) Fundamentals of Bioethics CC Workshop was held on July 20-24, and was attended by thirty-six participants. This course involved training individuals in the conduct of research, clinicians, and anyone with a keen interest in bioethics.

7. Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Course:
An online (Zoom) Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Course was held on August 18, and was attended by five participants. This mandatory course was taken by the CBEC PGD and MBE Kenyan scholars just before undergoing their course modules.

8. MCQ Development Meeting:
An online (Zoom) MCQ development meeting was held on Sept. 14-15, and was attended by eight participants, which included one Pakistani faculty as well Dr. Amar Jesani.
The objective of the meeting was for the Research and Public Health Ethics faculty to review the MCQs that had been developed to select the ones that would be administered as Pre and Posttests.

9. Research and Public Health Ethics Practicum:
An online (Zoom) Research and Public Health Ethics Practicum was held on Oct. 19-21, and was attended by ten participants. The purpose of the three-day practicum training facilitated by the KEMRI- Scientific, and Ethics Review Unit (SERU) gives hands-on experience and training on the functioning of an Institutional Ethics Review Committees (IERC).


Clinical Ethics Certificate Course , April 25 to May 3, 2019:

Thirty-five participants from Kenya participated in the two-week certificate course on clinical ethics. The certificate course covered a variety of topics including the concept of informed consent as applicable in different medical situations, privacy and confidentiality, pharma-physician interaction and the related concept of conflict of interest, medical error and negligence and so forth.

The program of the certificate course was again structured in such a way that international faculty was paired with local faculty, in order to enhance local capacity. Several of CBEC’s alumni from Kenya also conducted sessions on their own in this round.

  • Participants and Faculty during evaluation of the course.

  • CKBTI Faculty with course participants.


Research and Public Health Ethics Certificate Course and Practicum, October-November, 2019

Twenty-eight participants from Kenya, and four participants from Pakistan (32 in total) attended the week long certificate course that focused on Research and Public Health Ethics.

The program of the CC was structured in a way that international faculty enhanced the local capacity, with many of CBEC alumni in Kenya also leading some of the integral sessions.

The course was followed by a four-day long practicum that enabled the participants to view the working of an Ethical Review Committee that handles a large number of proposals.

Pre and post test surveys were conducted before and after the workshop in order to measure the effectiveness of the course, with feedback provided to the course participants on areas of improvement.

  • Participants during the Practicum learning the functioning of the Secretariat

  • Course participants engaged in a hands-on activity with Dr. Mala Ramanathan


Research Ethics and Public Health Ethics Certificate Course and Practicum, July 2018:

Twenty participants consisting of five Pakistani participants and 15 African participants (from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) for a week long Certificate Course (CC) in Research Ethics and Public Health Ethics. This was followed by a second week consisting of a Practicum consisting of 10 participants (5 Pakistani participants and 5 Kenyan participants).

The program of the CC was structured to facilitate pairing of guest faculty with local faculty, with the objective of enhancing local capacity.

The practicum in the second week was designed to provide hands on experience for the participants in managing and running a secretariat for a Research Ethics Committee (REC/IRB/ERC).

  • Dr. Amar Jesani and his co-instructor Ms. Caroline Kithinji taking a session.

  • A CBEC production “Testing Times” being used to discuss issues related to privacy and confidentiality.

  • Dr. Asad Raja taking a session on standards of care

  • The practicum group at the SERU secretariat for a field visit

  • Prof. Walter Jaoko taking a session on Contract Research Organizations

  • The Pakistani participants gather on the balcony with some of the faculty to capture the moment in this memorable picture

  • Dr. Mala Ramanathan doing the famous “gender walk”
    with the students, driving home the subtleties of
    the impact of gender in access to healthcare


Clinical Ethics Certificate Course, September 2018:

Thiry-one participants from different parts of Africa attended the five-day long certificate course in Clinical Ethics.

The program of the CC consisted of integral topics in Clinical Ethics such as medical error and negligence, privacy and confidentiality and necessity of informed consent. Local faculty was paired with international faculty from different parts of the world in order to build capacity.

  • Dr. Bushra Shirazi leading a discussion during the Curriculum Adaptation workshop

  • Participants engaged in a role play portraying a Hospital Ethics Consultation


Research Ethics course and Practicum:

Held over the course of one week, this certificate course trained 27 participants (23 Kenyan and 5 Pakistani scholars) in research ethics. The Pakistani students along with 5 Kenyan students were additionally provided Practicum training at the KEMRI Scientific and Ethics Review unit (SERU), to understand the workings of a REC secretariat.

  • Dr. Amar Jesani engaging with course participants

  • Dr. Asad Jamil Raja during his talk on research ethics

  • Learning the works of a REC secretariat

Clinical Ethics/Public Health course:

This certificate course trained 25 Kenyan scholars in the domain of clinical and public health ethics, giving them a flavor of various ethical dilemmas encountered, utilizing a variety of teaching tools including local CBEC visual productions.

  • Dr. Moazam engaging the students during an interactive discussion

  • Dr. Stephen Ombok Muhudhia during his talk

During the certificate courses, scholars from Pakistan, Kenya and Tanzania had an opportunity to attend the 2nd Bioethics Society of Kenya (BSK) conference. The Pakistani scholars who are alumni from CBEC-SIUT, presented their papers at the conference, and had an opportunity to interacted with international academics and researchers at the conference.

  • Dr. Abeer Salim presenting a paper at the conference

  • Dr. Nazli Hossain presenting a paper at the conference

Curriculum Adaptation:

A daylong meeting of the Curriculum Adaptation Committee was held at KEMRI to discuss the mechanisms of adapting the CBEC curriculum to suit the Kenyan requirements. Subcommittees were selected and mandated to develop a framework for the various courses to be offered through CK-BTI over the years.

Advisory Board:

The first advisory board meeting was held in 2017. During this meeting, Professor Walta Jaoko was elected the chair of the board for tenure of 2.5 years.

Bioethics Links

Past Issues "Bioethics Links"

“Bioethics Links” is a newsletter published in English biannually (January and June of every year) by CBEC and is the only newsletter devoted purely to bioethics in Pakistan. The publication encompasses contemporary themes related to bioethics in Pakistan and also serves to inform the readers about various bioethics events conducted and attended by the faculty across the globe.
Contributors to the newsletter include core faculty, associate and invited faculty, alumni of CBEC programs and scholars who are invited to contribute to the newsletter.

Find below the entire collection of “Bioethics Links”.

Volume No. 15, Issue No 2 (December 2019)


Volume No. 15, Issue No 2 (December 2019)


Volume No. 16, Issue No 1 (June 2020)

  • COVID-19: CBEC Activities
  • From Faculty Desks
  • From Colleagues
  • From Alumni and Students

Volume No. 15, Issue No 2 (December 2019)


Volume No. 13, Issue No 2 (December 2017)


Volume No. 12, Issue No 1 (June 2016)


Volume No. 11, Issue No 2 (December 2015)


Volume No. 11, Issue No 1 (June 2015)


Volume No. 10, Issue No 2 (December 2014)

  • Drones: Aerial Assasins or Misunderstood Technology?
    Raja Sabri Khan
  • Please Let him go!
    Nida Wahid Bashir
  • CBEC review: Impressions and insights
    Aamir Jafarey
  • Reports

Volume No. 10, Issue No 1 (June 2014)

  • Surrogacy in Pakistan: Legal perspectives
    Sharmeen Khan
  • Surrogacy and “third-party” donation in Iran: An overview
    Rubina Naqvi
  • A journey through testing times
    Mariam Hasan
  • International Team reviews CBEC as it turns Ten
    Anika Khan
  • Reports

Volume No. 9, Issue No 2 (December 2013)

  • The Drug Industry and Doctors: an Unholy Alliance
    Sandhya Srinivasan
  • “CBEC-SIUT: ‘The Bridge’ over Troubled Karachi”
    Marisa de Andrade
  • Ethics Videos: A New Frontier for CBEC
    Aamir Jafarey
  • CBEC Conference: “Emerging Ethical Issues”
    Anika Khan
  • Foundation Module for the New Academic Year
  • Reports

Volume No. 9, Issue No 1 (June 2013)

  • Ethics in Context: Case Studies in Pakistan
    James Dwyer
  • Bringing Ethics into Classrooms” – the first workshop for school teachers
    Anika Khan
  • PGD Alumni (Class of 2012) Projects
  • Academic Programs in Bioethics Commencing January 2014
  • Selected Publications by CBEC Faculty
  • CBEC and Bioethics Education: News from the National Front
  • New Informed Consents for SIUT
  • CBEC Conference on “Emerging Issues in Bioethics”
  • Ethics Exam at ZA School of Medical Technology

Volume No. 8, Issue No 2 (December 2012)

  • Islam and Feminism: Opening a New Dialogue
    Ziba Mir-Hosseini
  • Bioethics in Kuala Lumpur
    Saima Pervaiz Iqbal
  • International Association of Bioethics Congress at Rotterdam
    Aamir Jafarey
  • CBEC Forum Meetings (2012)
  • CBEC Film Productions
  • KMU Research Ethics Workshop, November 29-30, 2012
  • Karachi Bioethics Group
  • I, Malala Yusufzai
    Nida Wahid Bashir

Volume No. 8, Issue No 1 (June 2012)

  • Engaging days and ghazal nights: Ethics education in CBEC-SIUT
    Mala Ramanathan
  • Memoirs of the first international MBE student at CBEC
    Elizabeth A. Bukusi
  • Different ways of thinking
    S. H. Kolambage
  • Connecting Shari’a with emerging ethical issues
  • Unique learning environment in CBEC’s teaching module
    Shaista Khan
  • Makkah Clock Tower: “Meray liye mitti ka haram aur bana do”
    Faheem Khan
  • Peshawar Bioethics Group (PBG)
    Mumtaz Muhammad
  • Bioethics for first batch of Master in Health Research program
    Aamir Jafarey
  • Honour for CBEC-SIUT

Volume No. 7, Issue No 2 (December 2011)

  • Bioethics in Pakistan: Foreign seeds in desi soil
    Aamir Jafarey
  • Taking Ethics to a Government Girls’ School in Pakistan
    Anika Khan
  • Patients’ Perceptions on being used as “Teaching Tools” for Medical Students: A Study from Pakistan
    Saima Perwaiz Iqbal
  • Influence of Culture and Language: Decision-making in Breast Cancer Patients
    Bushra Shirazi
  • “Bioethcs Education Conference, Bangkok”, November 9-11, 2011
  • International Conference at The Leiden University, the Netherlands, December 7-8, 2011
  • “EMRO-CBEC-PMRC National Workshop on Strengthening Ethical Review Committees”, November 17-19, 2011
  • Research Ethics Workshop at Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, December 15-16, 2011
  • Next Academic Year Begins at the Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture

Volume No. 7, Issue No 1 (June 2011)

  • The Women’s Movement in Pakistan: Promoting a Different Kind of Value
    Asma Jehangir
  • Post-seminar Reflections: Bioethics and Religion?
    Farhat Moazam
  • Research Ethics Workshop, Saidu Sharif, Swat, May 13-14, 2011
    Aamir Jafarey
  • Northern Bypass Flood Relief Camp turns into the Indus Basti
    Anika Khan
  • First Batch of PGD Graduates to be awarded Diplomas from the Sindh Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Selection begins for next Batch of Students in CBEC’s Programs Academic Year Commences January 2012
  • CBEC Research Ethics Workshop

Volume No. 6, Issue No 2 (December 2010)

  • Northern Bypass Camp: In the Wake of the Floods
    Anika Khan*
  • Blasphemy Chronicles
    Sharmeen Khan*
  • CBEC goes to India! The Third National Bioethics Conference, New Delhi, November 17 to 20, 2010
    Mariam Hasan*
  • Zehra Nigah connests Poetry and Ethics
  • Dr. Fox and Dr. Swazey “visit” CBEC
  • Recent (Selected) Internatiional Presentations by CBEC Faculty
  • CBEC International Bioethics Seminar, March 14 to 17, 2011

Volume No. 6, Issue No 1 (June 2010)

  • On Democracy in Pakistan
    I. A. Rehman*
  • Different Moral Worlds
    Saima Iqbal, Bushra Shirazi, Anika Khan, Aamir Jafarey*
  • Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan dismisses petition against Transplantation of Organs and Tissues Law
    Farhat Moazam*
  • Standby: Camera, Action!
    Aamir M. Jafarey*
  • KBG Develops Ethical Guidelines for Physician Pharmaceutical Interactions
    Nida Wahid Bashir*

Volume No. 5, Issue No 2 (December 2009)

  • Reflections on a Visit to Karachi: A Small World, After All
    Paul A. Lombardo*
  • The Hidden Jewel that is CBEC
    Humza Aasim Yusuf
  • Finding Hope in Unexpected Places
    Saamia Noorali*
  • CBEC Launches Masters in Bioethics (MBE) Program
  • PGD Class of 2010
  • NA unanimously Passes Transplant Bill
  • PGD Alumni Publications

Volume No. 5, Issue No 1 (June 2009)

  • Research and Ethics: Partners not Adversaries
    Athula Samutipala*
  • CBEC’s Alumni go to Tehran
    Yasmin Wajahat*
  • Birth of a Bioethics Group in Ziauddin University, Karachi
    Nausheen Saeed*
  • PGD Alumni bring Bioethics to Medical Technologists in Karachi
    Moinuddin Siddiqui*
  • CBEC Announces Academic Program Commencing November, 2009
  • Recent CBEC publication in the Hastings Centre Report
  • A Journey of Centuries: By Ada Jafarey

Volume No. 4, Issue No 2 (December 2008)

  • Peeping into Minds: Unethical Application of Science, Collusion of Health Professionals
    Amar Jesani*
  • Academic Plagiarism: Ignorance or Malice?
    Bushra Shirazi*
  • The Physician-Pharma Nexus: an Unholy Alliance?
    Aamir Jafarey*
  • Upcoming Bioethics Conferences
  • CBEC: Recent International Activities

Volume No. 4, Issue No 1 (June 2008)

    Sahin Aksoy*
  • Building Networks: The Karachi Bioethics Group
    Nida Wahid Bashir *
  • CBEC hosts MRPS Meeting
  • World Congress of Bioethics
  • Asian Bioethics Conference
  • CBEC Graduates: Success Stories
    Aamir Jafarey *
  • Istanbul Summit on Organ Trafficking, Tourism and Commerce
    April 30 to May 2, 2008
  • Asian Task Force on Organ Trafficking in Asia Submits Report

Volume No. 3, Issue No 2 (Dec 2007)

  • Nadia’s Dream. Will it Come True?
    Zubeida Mustafa
  • Distance Learning Component, CBEC’s Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in Biomedical Ethics
    ” Cyber Talk”
  • My Trial
    Translation of Perveen Shakir’s Poetry
  • Farhat Moazam Elected Fellow of The Hastings Centre, USA
  • Recent International Links
  • Presentations by Graduates of PGD, Class of 2006
  • Publications and Presentations by Students of PGD, Class of 2007
  • CBEC’s Postgraduate Diploma in Biomedical Ethics, Class of 2008

Volume No. 3, Issue No 1 (May 2007)

  • Reflections on Our Mind Set
    Manzoor Ahmed*
  • Battling Kidney Trade in Pakistan: The Struggle Continues
    Farhat Moazam*
  • The First 14 Healthcare Professionals in Pakistan receive Diplomas in Biomedical Ethics
    Aamir Jafarey*
  • SIUT’s Volunteer Program for School Children
  • PGD Graduates of 2006 and their Ethics Projects
  • Eighth Asian Bioethics Conference, Thailand, Bangkok
  • PGD Class 2007

Volume No. 2, Issue No 2 (October 2006)

  • Teaching Ethics through the Arts
    Amber Romasa Nagori*
  • “Too Little for Too Few”: Dilemmas of Treating HIV/AIDS in South Africa
    Renee C. Fox*
  • Cricket and Ethics
    Saad Shafqat*
  • “Muslim Voices from the East Mediterranean Region” at The 8th Congress, International Association of Bioethics (IAB), Beijing, China (August 4-9, 2006 ) Bioethics (IAB), Beijing, China (August 4-9, 2006 )
    Farhat Moazam*
  • Recent CBEC Faculty Publications

Volume No. 2, Issue No 1 (May 2006)

  • “The Class of 2006 “, An Interim Report
    Aamir Jafarey*
  • PGD Student Assignments ” Vani in True Perspective”, A Critique
    Inayat Ullah Memon*
  • PGD Web Discussions”School Girl Loses Legal Battle””Plagiarism””Conflict between Conscience and Job Obligation”

    “Suicide Bombing”

    “Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer”

    “Religious Education For Children”

    “FDA Dismisses Medical Benefit from Marijuana”

    “65 km at 5; Isn’t this child abuse?”

  • Dr. Faisal Ghani Siddiqui
    gives the first lecture on Biomedical Ethics at LUMHS, Hyderabad
  • Mr. Abdul Ghani takes Bioethics to PTV Bolan, Balochistan

Volume No. 1, Issue No 3 (December 2005)

  • Familiar Battles for Bioethics: Facing off over Transplantation
    Paul A. Lombardo*
  • Kidney Trade and Transplant Tourism: Pakistan, the Emerging Leader
    Farhat Moazam*
  • Cadaveric Organ Donation and the Role of Family
    Alireza Bagheri*

Volume No. 1, Issue No 2 (August 2005)

  • CBEC Activity Report (2005-2006)
    Aamir Jafarey*
  • National Academy of Sciences, USA: Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research
    Farhat Moazam*
  • Islamic Perspectives on Abortion
    Farhat Moazam*
  • Legal Aspects of Abortion: An International Overview
    Sharmeen Ali Khan*

Volume No. 1, Issue No 1 (April 2005)

  • About CBEC
    Farhat Moazam*
  • “Foundations of Moral Thought: from the Greeks to Contemporary Bioethics.” First International Seminar and Intensive Course
  • International Conference, IOMS, Cairo. “Islamic Code for Medical and Health Ethics”
    Farhat Moazam*
  • International Conference, GFBR, Malawi. “Sixth Global Forum for Bioethics in Research”
    Aamir Jafarey*

Faculty Publications

CBEC Videos

CBEC has been using feature films and other purpose made videos to highlight various ethical issues and generate discussion in its academic programs (click Video Library for the list). However, CBEC has also produced its own set of short teaching videos in order to better address issues within local cultural perspectives. These videos are available on our website for use by institutions and individuals for teaching purposes. The videos can be run online or can be downloaded to computers.

It is hoped that CBEC will be acknowledged when these videos are used by others, and we would appreciate feedback about the experience.

A Tale of Two Worlds

Jannatville, a rich, gated community lies across the creek from Pariabad, a large slum that lacks even basic facilities such as drainage and water supply. When a dengue epidemic surfaces in both communities, issues of social justice and public health ethics become prominent. Against this backdrop, an international research team seeks permission from a local IRB to carry out a trial in Pariabad and another locality, for a drug, Fixit-W, that can be added to a community’s water supply and which potentially, can kill a mosquito that bites someone who has ingested Fixit-W. Issues such as justice, community engagement, and voluntary consent in public health research are highlighted in the movie.

Pushing Boundaries

CBEC’s latest production brings forward the ethical issues that arise due to choices that emerging technologies such as in-vitro fertilization provide to individuals. The movie explores the societal pressures in being a biological parent in traditional societies like Pakistan, and how it impacts family dynamics.

Between A Rock and a Hard Place

This production uncovers the ethical issues that arise due to deceased organ donation as they tend to play out within local contexts. The movie focuses on the dynamics of collective family decision-making processes in Pakistan. The video is meant to stimulate audiences in identifying different ethical challenges in procuring organs for organ transplantation, and consider solutions applicable within particularized situations.

Between Hope and Despair

This video discusses the ethical issues that can come up while conducting public health research in disaster struck areas. Issues related to the healthcare professionals, the community and the ethical review process have been highlighted in the video.

To Err is Human

To err is indeed human, and healthcare providers are as human as others. However, their errors have far greater significance as their acts of omission and commission can have an irremediable impact on those under their care. This video explores various aspects of medical mishaps while depicting incidents of error, negligence and near misses in the clinical setting. We hope that the video will generate an ethical discourse on why we err, and what to do when we do.

Walking a Tightrope

The stories depicted in this short video contrast the value of doing good for the patient against legal and institutional compulsions, when the two may be diametrically opposing forces. The video brings out the tensions healthcare providers face while trying to find a balance between the two, a challenge encountered quite frequently by medical practitioners.

Testing Times

As genetic screening and research becomes mainstream, it has also unravelled a lot of contentious ethical challenges. This short film explores some of these challenges, focusing on breast cancer screening and also highlights how research can often become conflated with clinical care, not only for the patient, but also for those involved in providing care.

Publish or Perish

This movie highlights several areas of scientific misconduct that can tempt researchers, driven by increasing pressures to publish research work in order to move up the academic ladder. Viewers will notice examples of plagiarism, fudging data, gifted authorship and other similar issues highlighted in this film. The film ends by touching the issue of whistle blowing.

More Than Meets the Eye

End of life issues form a major part of ethics consults all over the world. This teaching video depicts one such situation where a neurosurgeon faces an ethical dilemma regarding the care of a quadriplegic patient with Downs Syndrome who is ventilator dependent but not brain dead. The process of engaging a distraught family member to ascertain the wishes of the family, and the deliberations of an ethics consultation are depicted in this film.

A Matter of Trust

This movie raises issues of physician-pharmaceutical interaction, and how it can lead to potential conflicts of interest. It also explores the relationship of a patient with a physician and the ease with which therapeutic misconception creeps in when a physician assumes the role of a researcher.

To Tell or Not to Tell (09:02)

This movie explores issues related to family dynamics and informed consent when a patient’s family wishes to shield him from the harsh reality of his ailment and treatment. It portrays tensions between a physician’s duty to disclose illness and an individual’s autonomy and right to know, versus the protective feelings of his children.

The Sound of Silence (09:01)

This movie explores questions of informed consent in a hierarchical, male dominated environment. It brings out the issue of respecting the patient’s wishes and empowering the patient even when the individual appears to be disinterested. It also explores the issues of privacy and empathy in the interaction between physicians and patients.

Master’s in Bioethics

CBEC’s Master’s in Bioethics (MBE) is an intensive two year program intended for working professionals from diverse fields including medicine and research, philosophy, law, social sciences and education. Graduates from this program have strengthened existing networks in bioethics nationally and internationally through conferences and publications presenting developing world perspectives.

The program aims to nurture reflective abilities and critical thinking in students, and to inculcate in them habits of self-directed learning. Graduates of the program are expected to grow into future academic leaders at national levels and beyond, and to make scholarly contributions in bioethics in areas of research, education and clinical medicine with attention to existing socio-cultural contexts and economic realities.

The MBE degree is awarded by the Sindh Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS) and recognized by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.

MBE Admissions and Evaluation Policies

COVID related regulations for 2023 academic cycle

The first year of the MBE program consists of four contact modules featuring national and international faculty, and a distance learning component between contact sessions. The contact sessions are taught at CBEC in which MBE and Postgraduate Diploma in Bioethics students attend the same courses, seated around the table. The duration of the first three modules is approximately 2 weeks, while the last module is generally shorter. For MBE students, onsite learning is interspaced with reading, research and assignments in the intervening months.

Contact sessions

  • Foundations Module

The Foundations Module is taught over 2 weeks. It introduces students to the philosophical background of human moral thought extending from the Greeks to modern ethics. Other sessions cover the basics of moral traditions in different religions including Islam, historical interactions between ethics and law using paradigm legal cases, the evolution of contemporary bioethics and its globalization, and the importance of humanities (art and literature) in reflecting and shaping indigenous values in a society.

  • Research and Public Health Module

The second module is taught over 2 weeks. It is devoted to ethical issues involving human subject research and public health. Students are introduced to international guidelines for ethical research and the specific challenges of conducting ethical research within developing countries. Sessions are devoted to the functions of Institutional Review Boards/ Ethics Review Committees, and issues of conflicts of interest including those during interactions with the pharmaceutical industry.

  • Clinical Ethics Module

The third module, taught over 2 weeks, focuses on clinical ethics and highlights complex dilemmas emerging with the advances in biomedical science and technology. Case scenarios and discussions are employed to help familiarize students with ethical questions related to reproduction, genetics, end of life issues, organ donation, modern healthcare and practice among others. Workshops focusing on the basics of hospital ethics services and communication skills also form a core component.

  • Gender Ethics Module

The fourth and last module, spread over 5-6 days, provides students with a broad overview of ethical and legal debates pertaining to gender rights and relationships within societies with special attention to laws relating to women in Pakistan. Sessions also highlight the role of religion, including Muslim jurisprudence, in defining gender roles and its tensions with the human rights paradigm.

Distance Learning

Between modules, MBE students are required to contribute brief postings, commentaries or discussion points on the CBEC “Bioethics Blog” which is moderated by CBEC faculty. In addition, they are assigned extensive reading material for module coursework and MBE seminars. In the away period, MBE students also engage in in-depth research for written assignments related to courses taken and for MBE teaching sessions.

Pedagogical Tools

Adult learning methodologies are employed in all four modules, with an emphasis on discussion rather than didactic lectures. In addition to tools such as small group work and role play, movies and examples from art and literature are also included to highlight and discuss various ethical themes. MBE Seminars are sessions specifically conducted for MBE students in which course faculty joins students in examining issues in greater depth. In the last three modules, MBE students are also assigned topics to research and teach to the class.

Assessment Strategies

  • Contact Sessions

Within modules, MBE students are graded on quizzes, end of module tests and teaching sessions led by MBE students on assigned topics. Students are also assessed based on their participation in class discussions based on which they are provided extensive feedback by the faculty.

  • Distance Learning

Faculty evaluate and provide extensive critique on the arguments and analysis presented in Bioethics Blog postings and comments made by students. In addition, during the away periods, MBE students are required to submit mandatory ‘take home’ written papers connected to module courses which are graded by faculty. These assignments can include material covered during the previous module and critical review of new materials sent to the students, which may include articles, book chapters, books, etc.

MBE Thesis

The second year of the MBE program is devoted to conducting original research leading to a 15,000 to 18,000 worded thesis. The thesis, due no later than October of the second year, must be approved by the Thesis Review Committee in order for students to be awarded the MBE degree. Research conducted must be original in nature involving either one or a combination of qualitative, empirical, and quantitative methodologies. Comprehensive literature review and analysis of a suitable, ethics-related topic are also acceptable for the thesis. Students are provided with faculty supervisors to guide their research and thesis writing.

The MBE is designed for mid-career professionals holding at least an undergraduate degree (equivalent to Bachelor of Arts/Science, etc.) degree and working within primary fields such as healthcare, social sciences, philosophy, law, education, humanities, etc., and who wish to incorporate relevant aspects of bioethics within their workplaces.

A minimum of five years of work experience in the primary field following the basic qualification is necessary. CBEC has a merit based admissions policy with no discrimination on the basis of gender, age, religion or ethnicity.

Application Process

The academic cycle at CBEC begins in January but the admission process starts at least 6 months earlier. At the commencement of the admission cycle, information regarding the admissions process is displayed on the CBEC website. Additionally, information is also disseminated through newspaper advertisements, social media platforms, email lists and any other means available.

Shortlisted MBE applicants are required to appear in a mandatory English Language Comprehension and Writing Skills Test because the program requires extensive reading and written assignments in English. Only those candidates who display required level of proficiency in English are invited for MBE interviews. Interviews are conducted by members of Admission and Selection Committee. These can take place at CBEC in Karachi, and if required, organized in other cities, or remotely through Zoom or similar means.

Applicants who are unable to achieve the required level of proficiency in English but judged to be strong contenders otherwise, may be invited to interview for the concomitantly run, one year duration, Postgraduate Diploma in Biomedical Ethics (PGD) program. Please note that being called for the interview does not guarantee admission into the PGD program.

Decision of the Admission and Selection Committee, made on the basis of strength of application and support documents, performance in the English test, and interviews, is considered final.

Application Requirements

MBE applicants must complete all sections of the application form and submit it along with all required documents listed below no later than the given deadline. Late and / or incomplete applications will not be processed.

  1. Application Form (Electronic Submission)
  2. Documents (to be uploaded with the application form and also separately emailed to in a single email, as attachments):
    1. Brief curriculum vitae
    2. Essay: Submit a 700-750 word essay in your own words, describing an event or encounter in your life that has had a major and/or lasting impact on you. The essay should be a MS Word document, using Times New Roman script, with font size 12 and double line spacing. The essay should be saved with the applicants’ surname, e.g. malik.doc before uploading and emailing as an attachment. Note that the essay will also be screened for plagiarism.
    3. Attested scanned copy of undergraduate degree (e.g. MBBS, or BA/BS)
    4. Attested scanned copies of other relevant qualifications/fellowships
    5. Scanned letter of support (for full time employed applicants only) from the relevant institutional head on a letterhead. This letter should state that the institution supports you in acquiring this qualification, will ensure that you are able to attend all modules at CBEC, and participate in the distance learning components. For a sample letter of support, please click here.
    6. Two samples of your written material, such as articles preferably academic publications, reports, projects etc. Provide hyperlinks to articles accessible online or upload and email scanned copies
    7. Scan of a recent photograph
  3. Two letters of recommendation addressed to Prof. Farhat Moazam, Chairperson, Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture, SIUT. (These should be emailed in confidence only to Dr. Moazam directly by persons recommending you to the following email addresses: & The letters, preferably on a letterhead, should be from individuals in responsible positions, who know you and believe that you are suitable for pursuing formal education in bioethics. For more information regarding letter of recommendation, please click here.


In case of difficulties in uploading or emailing the aforementioned documents, please contact

Please note that applicants shortlisted for interviews will be required to bring originals of all submitted documents and two passport size colored photographs.

COVID-19 Related Regulations

  1. All applicants will be required to submit proof of vaccination against COVID in addition to having received a booster dose, as per current Pakistan government regulations.
    1. Unvaccinated applicants must provide valid evidence of a medical contraindication, duly certified by an ID physician. The Admission and Selection Committee will assess for acceptability or otherwise.
  2. Pakistan government SOPs in place at the time will be applicable during the module, including use of masks and social distancing.
    1. Students will be expected to abide by any additional precautions faculty considers necessary during the module.
  3. Students are expected to be present during all days of every module. Per existing policy, absence for any reason may result in being dropped from the program
    1. Based on faculty discretion, students dropped due to unexpected illness including COVID, may be provided preference in admission to the following academic cycle of the program.


Applicants must have good reading, comprehension, and writing skills in English in order to handle coursework which includes extensive readings and written assignments. In addition, it is essential that applicants possess basic competency in computer skills including the use of email, MS Office programs, web-based searches, social media applications, and the capacity for connecting for video conferencing using Zoom or similar applications. Students are responsible for maintaining unrestricted access to broadband internet and a suitably equipped computer to enable participation in distance learning assignments.


MBE students are required to maintain a grade average of 65% (C+) in order to continue in the program. If despite faculty assistance and counseling a student does not attain the required minimum grade average, she/he may be asked to leave the program. Based on overall performance and faculty evaluation, the CBEC Faculty at its discretion may offer such candidates an opportunity to transfer to the one year Postgraduate Diploma in Biomedical Ethics (PGD) program. The PGD runs concomitantly with the MBE program and is taught by the same faculty, but has less rigorous writing requirements from students.


Other requirements are punctuality, full attendance and active class participation in all 4 modules, and satisfactory and on-time completion of all assignments including those related to distance learning components. Students may be dropped from the program in case of any absence.


Submission of the thesis by the given deadline (generally October in the program’s second year) and its approval by the Thesis Review Committee are mandatory for graduation from the MBE program. If the Thesis Review Committee finds that the submission does not meet required standards, the student will be asked to resubmit within an appropriate deadline. If the resubmission is also found to be below standards, the student will not receive the MBE degree. If she/he has satisfactorily completed and passed all required MBE course work in the first year of the program, CBEC faculty may recommend to the Department of Medical Education, SIMS that the student be conferred a Postgraduate Diploma in Biomedical Ethics instead.


CBEC-SIUT waives the tuition fee of all students selected into the Master’s in Bioethics program and provides all reading material for courses electronically, at no cost. Lunch, tea, and snacks are also provided free during the modules held in Karachi.


Subject to availability, free accommodation (without meals) may be offered at the SIUT residential apartments for out-of-town candidates on a twin sharing basis. The apartments provide free Wi-Fi for use by students.


Complementary daily transportation between the SIUT apartments and CBEC is provided for the duration of the modules in Karachi. Travel to and from Karachi for out-of-town students will be their own responsibility. CBEC-SIUT will however provide airport pick and drop services for non-Pakistani students to facilitate their arrival and departure. Pakistani students will be responsible for their transport arrangements to and from the Karachi airport. Several reliable radio cab services at the airport are easily available and can be utilized.

Facilities at CBEC

All four modules take place in CBEC in Karachi in a facilitative learning environment. CBEC is located on the 7th Floor of the Suleman Dawood Transplant Tower, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) on Yaqub Khan Road. Adequate workspaces, computers, internet access, a library and photocopying facilities are available on site.